"When TAO selects a computer somewhere in the world as a target and enters its unique identifiers (an IP address, for example) into the corresponding database, intelligence agents are then automatically notified any time the operating system of that computer crashes and its user receives the prompt to report the problem to Microsoft. An internal presentation suggests it is NSA's powerful XKeyscore spying tool that is used to fish these crash reports out of the massive sea of Internet traffic.UPDATE 2013-11-24: Microsoft Security Essentials entry on Wikipedia: "(...) by default, MSE reports all suspicious behaviors of monitored programs to Microsoft Active Protection Service (MAPS), a web-based service." Opt-in to "Basic Membership" is default setting in the installer. MSE is included in Windows 8; I don't know the default setting there. (source)
The automated crash reports are a "neat way" to gain "passive access" to a machine, the presentation continues. Passive access means that, initially, only data the computer sends out into the Internet is captured and saved, but the computer itself is not yet manipulated. Still, even this passive access to error messages provides valuable insights into problems with a targeted person's computer and, thus, information on security holes that might be exploitable for planting malware or spyware on the unwitting victim's computer.
Although the method appears to have little importance in practical terms, (...)"
UPDATE 2013-08-01: I looked at EULA's of other vendors. Their relevant paragraphs are too long to include in this post, but the key conclusion is that real-time information networks collecting detailing system configuration information are commonplace in today's anti-malware habitat; as stated by Kaspersky Lab and in other comments. My concern about information collection remains, but a few important points / nuances were made by commenters:
1) Kosay Hatem states that the benefit of these networks is likely greater than the danger of the information collected. I agree that that will be true for nearly all users.
2) An anonymous commenter states that for a system that does "security legal oriented work" (forensics?), one can opt-out. I agree. The comment also states that at the end of the day, you either trust your the AV vendor who's software you install or totally or not; there is no middle ground. I agree, at least when "trust" is defined as acceptance of possible failure (e.g. misbehavior) by the trustee.
UPDATE 2013-07-18: Kaspersky Lab responded in a comment below this post. The take-away: "So in short: This is an industry practice and done in the similar way by all anti-malware vendors. It can be easily checked the same way in their product EULAs." I will read the EULA's of other vendors and update this post to reflect my findings.
KSN Data Collection Statement states:
B. RECEIVED INFORMATIONI'm aware that the digital threat landscape in 2013 is different from that in 1993, but this default behavior by Kaspersky Anti-Virus really grinds my gears. Information about software that is running on a system is conducive to cyber attacks and should be considered sensitive. Perhaps Kaspersky does not share this information with, say, the FSB, but it is unwise to assume that governments (not just the Kremlin for that matter) and security industry would not cooperate at that level. Distribution of spyware via a software update by original vendors, even if carried out with due care and targeting only a few, specific systems, can be detected and will result in users abandoning that software. The sharing of legitimately (?) collected data, however, will remain undetected, and should be expected to happen.
* Information about your computer hardware and software, including operating system and service packs installed, kernel objects, drivers, services, Internet Explorer extensions, printing extensions, Windows Explorer extensions, downloaded program files, active setup elements, control panel applets, host and registry records, browser types and e-mail clients that are generally not personally identifiable;
* Information about applications downloaded by the user (URL, attributes, file size, information about process that initiated download);
* Information about applications and their modules run by the user (size, attributes, date created, information about PE headers, region, name, location, and compression utilities used);
* The Kaspersky Security Network service may process and submit whole files, which might be used by criminals to harm your computer and/or their parts, to Kaspersky Lab for additional examination.
Collecting information beyond what can be reasonably expected requires explicit, informed consent. If you use Kaspersky Anti-Virus, disable this feature and cross fingers that it did not already send all that information to Kaspersky. I don't know whether other AV-software (McAfee etc.) has similar behavioral defaults.